Overview of carbon emissions produced by Togo
Last updated:
Loading reading time...

What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Togo produce?

Togo produces 0.02% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 150th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.1%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Togo

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$8.41bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 20198.71m
Change in Emissions since 20183.3%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.02%
Rank – Emitters in 2019149
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990205m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.1%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.02%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$992
Emissions Per Capita1.0
6435db0d7854d9c8cb2a45d9 Togo and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Togo was the world’s 149th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.02% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce845fe08a265ae81cd98 Togo change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Togo emitted 8.71m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 3.3%.

Emissions per capita in Togo – average household carbon footprint

The population of Togo is 8.48m. On a per capita basis, they produce 1.0 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 182nd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Togo?

In 2019, Togo produced 7.89m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 3.7% from 2018. 3% of these emissions came from CO2, 35.6% came from CH4, and 22.7% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the agriculture industry. Agriculture produced 3.09m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 39.2% of total GHG in Togo. The second and third largest emitting sectors were energy and industrial processes- producing 25.7% and 22.7% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 1.09m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were building and electricity/heat – producing 604k and 207k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Togo, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 819k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Togo in 2019 was 8.71m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Togo grew by 1.5% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $7.11bn to $7.22bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 3.3%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 114%, while emissions have increased by 13.3%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Togo over the previous ten years was 7.9% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 1.3%.

Leave a comment