Overview of carbon emissions produced by Paraguay
Last updated:
Loading reading time...

What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Paraguay produce?

Paraguay produces 0.2% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 56th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.87%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Paraguay

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$39bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201996.6m
Change in Emissions since 20182.1%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.2%
Rank – Emitters in 201960
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19902.67bn
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19900.87%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.23%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$5.4k
Emissions Per Capita13.4
641ce82d721c821313144ebe Paraguay and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Paraguay was the world’s 60th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.2% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce82d721c82db5b144ebf Paraguay change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Paraguay emitted 96.6m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 2.1%.

Emissions per capita in Paraguay – average household carbon footprint

The population of Paraguay is 7.22m. On a per capita basis, they produce 13.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 26th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Paraguay?

In 2019, Paraguay produced 49.6m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 2.2% from 2018. 16.6% of these emissions came from CO2, 58.9% came from CH4, and 21.1% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the land-use change and forestry industry. Land-Use Change and Forestry produced 47m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 94.9% of total GHG in Paraguay. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and energy- producing 62.7% and 17.2% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 7.58m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were building and manufacturing/construction – producing 641k and 306k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Paraguay, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 47m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Paraguay in 2019 was 96.6m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Paraguay declined by -5.7% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $40.2bn to $37.9bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 2.1%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 69.6%, while emissions have increased by 2.7%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Paraguay over the previous ten years was 5.4% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 0.27%.

Leave a comment