Overview of carbon emissions produced by Montenegro
Last updated:
Loading reading time...

What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Montenegro produce?

Montenegro produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 164th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -0.24%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Montenegro

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$5.81bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 20193.86m
Change in Emissions since 20182.5%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019159
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 199074.1m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-0.24%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$9.37k
Emissions Per Capita6.2
641ce814797b1f9cfb178148 Montenegro and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Montenegro was the world’s 159th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce814797b1f4d4d178147 Montenegro change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Montenegro emitted 3.86m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 2.5%.

Emissions per capita in Montenegro – average household carbon footprint

The population of Montenegro is 620k. On a per capita basis, they produce 6.2 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 80th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Montenegro?

In 2019, Montenegro produced 3.83m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 2.5% from 2018. 67.9% of these emissions came from CO2, 20.5% came from CH4, and 3.9% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 2.86m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 74.6% of total GHG in Montenegro. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and industrial processes- producing 10.2% and 7.7% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the electricity/heat sector, emitting 1.53m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were transportation and manufacturing/construction – producing 819k and 210k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Montenegro, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 30.9k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Montenegro in 2019 was 3.86m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Montenegro grew by 0.64% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $5.51bn to $5.54bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 2.5%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 33.2%, while emissions have decreased by -634%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Montenegro over the previous ten years was 2.9% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 6.3%.

Leave a comment