Overview of carbon emissions produced by Hungary
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Hungary produce?

Hungary produces 0.13% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 63rd largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -1.3%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Hungary

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$182bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201962.5m
Change in Emissions since 2018-0.7%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.13%
Rank – Emitters in 201974
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19902.12bn
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-1.3%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.18%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$18.8k
Emissions Per Capita6.4
641ce7ea7c70ae4e0fce9682 Hungary and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Hungary was the world’s 74th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.13% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7ea7c70ae13d8ce9683 Hungary change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Hungary emitted 62.5m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented a decrease in emissions from 2018 by -0.7%.

Emissions per capita in Hungary – average household carbon footprint

The population of Hungary is 9.71m. On a per capita basis, they produce 6.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 76th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Hungary?

In 2019, Hungary produced 60.6m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was a reduction of -0.69% from 2018. 76.6% of these emissions came from CO2, 11.5% came from CH4, and 9.4% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 47.1m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 77.8% of total GHG in Hungary. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and waste– producing 12.5% and 5.3% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 14.7m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were electricity/heat and building – producing 13.2m and 10.2m tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Hungary, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 1.89m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Hungary in 2019 was 62.5m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Hungary grew by 1.8% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $161bn to $164bn. In the same period carbon emissions decreased by -0.67%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 24.7%, while emissions have decreased by -3.2%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Hungary over the previous ten years was 2.2% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was -0.33%.

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