Overview of carbon emissions produced by Eritrea
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Eritrea produce?

Eritrea produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 154th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.7%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Eritrea

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$2.07bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 20196.78m
Change in Emissions since 20180.8%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019156
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990171m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.7%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$642
Emissions Per Capita2.1
641ce7d3a227149582a23b79 Eritrea and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Eritrea was the world’s 156th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7d3a22714e399a23b7a Eritrea change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Eritrea emitted 6.78m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 0.8%.

Emissions per capita in Eritrea – average household carbon footprint

The population of Eritrea is 3.21m. On a per capita basis, they produce 2.1 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 154th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Eritrea?

In 2019, Eritrea produced 6.33m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 0.87% from 2018. 13.8% of these emissions came from CO2, 58.1% came from CH4, and 27% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the agriculture industry. Agriculture produced 4.62m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 72.9% of total GHG in Eritrea. The second and third largest emitting sectors were energy and waste– producing 14.3% and 1% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the electricity/heat sector, emitting 412k tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were transportation and building – producing 266k and 205k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Eritrea, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 447k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Eritrea in 2019 was 6.78m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Eritrea did not change from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $nan to $nan. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 0.81%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP did not change, while emissions have increased by 14.2%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Eritrea over the previous ten years was 0% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 1.3%.

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