Overview of carbon emissions produced by Dominica
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Dominica produce?

Dominica produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 181st largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -0.33%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Dominica

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$546m
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2019221k
Change in Emissions since 20181.3%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019186
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19907.38m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-0.33%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$7.56k
Emissions Per Capita3.1
641ce7cd54b55b5ce4d83879 Dominica and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Dominica was the world’s 186th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7cd54b55b0317d838ab Dominica change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Dominica emitted 221k metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 1.3%.

Emissions per capita in Dominica – average household carbon footprint

The population of Dominica is 72.2k. On a per capita basis, they produce 3.1 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 131st out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Dominica?

In 2019, Dominica produced 235k metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 1.2% from 2018. 71.5% of these emissions came from CO2, 18.6% came from CH4, and 8.6% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 168k of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 71.5% of total GHG in Dominica. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and waste– producing 15.7% and 11.5% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the electricity/heat sector, emitting 71.3k tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were transportation and manufacturing/construction – producing 63k and 15.1k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Dominica, their LUCF had a positive impact on their emissions, reducing their footprint by 13.9k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Dominica in 2019 was 221k metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Dominica grew by 10.2% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $555m to $612m. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 1.3%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 25%, while emissions have decreased by -60.3%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Dominica over the previous ten years was 2.3% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was -8.8%.

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