Overview of carbon emissions produced by Djibouti
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Djibouti produce?

Djibouti produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 168th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.4%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Djibouti

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$3.37bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 20191.38m
Change in Emissions since 20181.7%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019169
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 199037.2m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.4%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$3.36k
Emissions Per Capita1.4
641ce7cb54b55b0c6dd835ea Djibouti and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Djibouti was the world’s 169th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7cb54b55b4c3dd835eb Djibouti change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Djibouti emitted 1.38m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 1.7%.

Emissions per capita in Djibouti – average household carbon footprint

The population of Djibouti is 1m. On a per capita basis, they produce 1.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 172nd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Djibouti?

In 2019, Djibouti produced 1.38m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 1.7% from 2018. 30.5% of these emissions came from CO2, 47.5% came from CH4, and 18.8% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the agriculture industry. Agriculture produced 714k of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 51.8% of total GHG in Djibouti. The second and third largest emitting sectors were energy and bunker fuels- producing 25.1% and 23.2% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 146k tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were building and electricity/heat – producing 75.2k and 50k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Djibouti, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 5.9 tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Djibouti in 2019 was 1.38m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Djibouti grew by 6% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $2.91bn to $3.09bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 1.7%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 194%, while emissions have increased by 1.7%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Djibouti over the previous ten years was 11.4% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 0.17%.

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