Overview of carbon emissions produced by Croatia
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Croatia produce?

Croatia produces 0.04% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 114th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -1.5%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Croatia

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$67.8bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201917.9m
Change in Emissions since 20180.3%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.04%
Rank – Emitters in 2019126
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990720m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-1.5%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.06%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$17.4k
Emissions Per Capita4.6
6435daabd096476c3f4d43bf Croatia and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Croatia was the world’s 126th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.04% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7e866d822212d9288d1 Croatia change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Croatia emitted 17.9m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 0.3%.

Emissions per capita in Croatia – average household carbon footprint

The population of Croatia is 3.9m. On a per capita basis, they produce 4.6 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 110th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Croatia?

In 2019, Croatia produced 22.3m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 0.2% from 2018. 74.2% of these emissions came from CO2, 16.5% came from CH4, and 7.7% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 16.1m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 72.4% of total GHG in Croatia. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and waste– producing 11.6% and 8.4% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 6.67m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were electricity/heat and building – producing 3.87m and 2.37m tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Croatia, their LUCF had a positive impact on their emissions, reducing their footprint by 4.34m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Croatia in 2019 was 17.9m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Croatia declined by -0.01% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $62.2bn to $62.2bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 0.26%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP declined by -1.3%, while emissions have decreased by -30.8%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Croatia over the previous ten years was -0.13% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was -3.6%.

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