Congo Republic
Overview of carbon emissions produced by the Congo Republic
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does the Congo Republic produce?

The Congo Republic produces 0.06% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 116th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.5%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in the Congo Republic

Countrythe Congo Republic
Population5.66m
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$12.5bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201930.1m
Change in Emissions since 20183.9%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.06%
Rank – Emitters in 2019111
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990676m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.5%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.06%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$2.21k
Emissions Per Capita5.3
641ce7c36a84db7ecd6f9850 Congo%2520Republic and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), the Congo Republic was the world’s 111th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.06% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

6435da83f445db10a9eb1dae Congo%2520Republic change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, the Congo Republic emitted 30.1m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 3.9%.

Emissions per capita in The Congo Republic – average household carbon footprint

The population of the Congo Republic is 5.66m. On a per capita basis, they produce 5.3 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 93rd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the Congo Republic?

In 2019, the Congo Republic produced 19.2m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 6.5% from 2018. 37.8% of these emissions came from CO2, 48.2% came from CH4, and 10.6% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 14m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 72.9% of total GHG in the Congo Republic. The second and third largest emitting sectors were land-use change and forestry and agriculture- producing 56.6% and 17.5% of total GHG respectively.

Energy

The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the fugitive emissions sector, emitting 9.87m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were electricity/heat and transportation – producing 2.13m and 1.36m tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of the Congo Republic, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 10.9m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in the Congo Republic in 2019 was 30.1m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in the Congo Republic declined by -6.7% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $13.7bn to $12.8bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 3.9%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 31.1%, while emissions have increased by 26.5%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in the Congo Republic over the previous ten years was 2.7% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 2.4%.

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