Central African Republic
Overview of carbon emissions produced by the Central African Republic
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does the Central African Republic produce?

The Central African Republic produces 0.1% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 82nd largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.01%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in the Central African Republic

Countrythe Central African Republic
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$2.52bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201946.6m
Change in Emissions since 2018-12.6%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.1%
Rank – Emitters in 201990
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19901.52bn
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19900.01%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.13%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$512
Emissions Per Capita9.5
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In the last recorded year (2019), the Central African Republic was the world’s 90th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.1% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7bbe9e0ba0138a7064d Central%2520African%2520Republic change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, the Central African Republic emitted 46.6m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented a decrease in emissions from 2018 by -12.6%.

Emissions per capita in The Central African Republic – average household carbon footprint

The population of the Central African Republic is 4.92m. On a per capita basis, they produce 9.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 42nd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the Central African Republic?

In 2019, the Central African Republic produced 19.7m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was a reduction of -1% from 2018. 1.2% of these emissions came from CO2, 48.2% came from CH4, and 50.4% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the land-use change and forestry industry. Land-Use Change and Forestry produced 26.9m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 136% of total GHG in the Central African Republic. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and waste– producing 83.2% and 15.4% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 214k tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were building and manufacturing/construction – producing 20.4k and 6.3k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of the Central African Republic, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 26.9m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in the Central African Republic in 2019 was 46.6m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in the Central African Republic grew by 0.01% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $2.22bn to $2.22bn. In the same period carbon emissions decreased by -12.6%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 7.4%, while emissions have decreased by -2.5%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in the Central African Republic over the previous ten years was 0.72% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was -0.25%.

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