Cabo Verde
Overview of carbon emissions produced by Cabo Verde
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Cabo Verde produce?

Cabo Verde produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 179th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.9%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Cabo Verde

CountryCabo Verde
Population562k
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$1.94bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2019746k
Change in Emissions since 20184.9%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019174
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19908.71m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.9%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$3.45k
Emissions Per Capita1.3
641ce7c66a84db5d066f9b48 Cabo%2520Verde and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Cabo Verde was the world’s 174th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7c66a84db341a6f9b49 Cabo%2520Verde change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Cabo Verde emitted 746k metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 4.9%.

Emissions per capita in Cabo Verde – average household carbon footprint

The population of Cabo Verde is 562k. On a per capita basis, they produce 1.3 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 175th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Cabo Verde?

In 2019, Cabo Verde produced 809k metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 4.5% from 2018. 79.8% of these emissions came from CO2, 11.1% came from CH4, and 7% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 645k of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 79.8% of total GHG in Cabo Verde. The second and third largest emitting sectors were bunker fuels and agriculture- producing 51.5% and 13% of total GHG respectively.

Energy

The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 299k tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were electricity/heat and building – producing 296k and 49.1k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Cabo Verde, their LUCF had a positive impact on their emissions, reducing their footprint by 62.9k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Cabo Verde in 2019 was 746k metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Cabo Verde grew by 0.78% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $1.97bn to $1.98bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 4.9%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 15.8%, while emissions have increased by 17.3%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Cabo Verde over the previous ten years was 1.5% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 1.6%.

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