Bosnia and Herzegovina
Overview of carbon emissions produced by Bosnia and Herzegovina
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Bosnia and Herzegovina produce?

Bosnia And Herzegovina produces 0.05% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 120th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -1.1%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Bosnia and Herzegovina

CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$22.6bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 201924.5m
Change in Emissions since 2018-5.8%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.05%
Rank – Emitters in 2019120
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990654m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-1.1%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.06%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$6.92k
Emissions Per Capita7.5
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In the last recorded year (2019), Bosnia and Herzegovina was the world’s 120th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.05% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

6435da6f08b1bcaed687c6c6 Bosnia%2520and%2520Herzegovina change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Bosnia and Herzegovina emitted 24.5m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented a decrease in emissions from 2018 by -5.8%.

Emissions per capita in Bosnia And Herzegovina – average household carbon footprint

The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3.26m. On a per capita basis, they produce 7.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 62nd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

In 2019, Bosnia and Herzegovina produced 26.2m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was a reduction of -5.5% from 2018. 80.3% of these emissions came from CO2, 13.9% came from CH4, and 5.1% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 22m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 83.8% of total GHG in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and waste– producing 9.9% and 4.2% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the electricity/heat sector, emitting 13.7m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were transportation and manufacturing/construction – producing 4.08m and 2.24m tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, their LUCF had a positive impact on their emissions, reducing their footprint by 1.73m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2019 was 24.5m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina grew by 0.12% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $20.2bn to $20.2bn. In the same period carbon emissions decreased by -5.8%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 14.7%, while emissions have decreased by -7.1%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the previous ten years was 1.4% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was -0.74%.

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