Overview of carbon emissions produced by Bolivia
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Bolivia produce?

Bolivia produces 0.29% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 48th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.71%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Bolivia

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$40.4bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2019139m
Change in Emissions since 20187%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.29%
Rank – Emitters in 201946
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 19903.4bn
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19900.71%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.29%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$3.41k
Emissions Per Capita11.7
6435da726e8d3e16f3facd1f Bolivia and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Bolivia was the world’s 46th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.29% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

641ce7b62c4c71138b143541 Bolivia change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Bolivia emitted 139m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 7%.

Emissions per capita in Bolivia – average household carbon footprint

The population of Bolivia is 11.8m. On a per capita basis, they produce 11.7 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 32nd out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Bolivia?

In 2019, Bolivia produced 60.8m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 0.89% from 2018. 36.8% of these emissions came from CO2, 46.7% came from CH4, and 16% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the land-use change and forestry industry. Land-Use Change and Forestry produced 77.9m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 128% of total GHG in Bolivia. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and energy- producing 47.9% and 44.1% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 11.3m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were fugitive emissions and electricity/heat – producing 5.56m and 5.35m tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Bolivia, their LUCF had a negative impact on their emissions, increasing their footprint by 77.9m tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Bolivia in 2019 was 139m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Bolivia grew by 1.5% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $40.3bn to $40.9bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 7%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 136%, while emissions have increased by 33.8%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Bolivia over the previous ten years was 9% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 3%.

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