Overview of carbon emissions produced by Andorra
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Overview of carbon emissions produced by Andorra
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Overview of carbon emissions produced by Andorra
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Andorra produce?

Andorra produces 0.01% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 174th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.3%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Andorra

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$3.33bn
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2019628k
Change in Emissions since 20181.6%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.01%
Rank – Emitters in 2019177
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 199017m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 19901.3%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.01%
GDP Per Capita (USD)$43k
Emissions Per Capita8.1
6435da5df445dba15feae27e Andorra and ten largest%2520emitters since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Andorra was the world’s 177th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.01% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.

6435da5df445db0a98eae27f Andorra change in emissions 1990 to present

In 2019, Andorra emitted 628k metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented an increase in emissions from 2018 by 1.6%.

Emissions per capita in Andorra – average household carbon footprint

The population of Andorra is 77.4k. On a per capita basis, they produce 8.1 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 54th out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Andorra?

In 2019, Andorra produced 628k metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was an increase of 1.6% from 2018. 8% of these emissions came from CO2, 8.5% came from CH4, and 0.28% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 502k of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 8% of total GHG in Andorra. The second and third largest emitting sectors were industrial processes and waste– producing 11.3% and 8.8% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the fugitive emissions sector, emitting 0 tonnes of greenhouse gas.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Andorra, their LUCF had no impact on their emissions.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Andorra in 2019 was 628k metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Andorra declined by -2% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $3.22bn to $3.16bn. In the same period carbon emissions increased by 1.6%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP declined by -14.1%, while emissions have increased by 0.83%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Andorra over the previous ten years was -1.5% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 0.08%.


World Resources Institute, 2022. Climate Watch Historical GHG Emissions. [online] Washington, DC. Available at:

Global Carbon Project, 2023. Supplemental data of Global Carbon Budget 2023 (Version 1.1) [Data set]. Global Carbon Project. Available at:

UNFCCC, 2023. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data. [online] Available at:

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative, 2023. ND-GAIN Country Index. [online] Available at:

FAO, 2022. Land-Use Change and Forestry or Agriculture indicators from FAOSTAT Emissions Database. [online] Available at:

OECD/IEA, 2022. CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion. [online] Available at:

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