Overview of carbon emissions produced by Albania
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What percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions does Albania produce?

Albania produces 0.02% of global emissions, and has been ranked the world’s 147th largest emitter of greenhouse gases since 1990. Since this date, their annual emissions have decreased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -0.87%.

Summary – GHG Emissions in Albania

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in USD$18.3bnGDP Per Capita (USD)$6.49k

Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 20198.77m
Change in Emissions since 2018-4.8%
Percentage of Total Emissions (2019)0.02%
Rank – Emitters in 2019148
Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions since 1990241m
Compound Annual Growth – Emissions since 1990-0.87%
Percentage of Total Emissions (1990-2019)0.02%
Emissions Per Capita3.1
Chart showing the ten largest emitters of greenhouse gases since 1990

In the last recorded year (2019), Albania was the world’s 148th largest producer of yearly carbon dioxide emissions and contributed 0.02% of all global emissions. The top three emitters in the same period were China, the United States, and India. These three nations produced 25.2%, 12%, and 7% of global emissions respectively.


In 2019, Albania emitted 8.77m metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, or MtCO₂e. This represented a decrease in emissions from 2018 by -4.8%.

Emissions per capita in Albania – average household carbon footprint

The population of Albania is 2.81m. On a per capita basis, they produce 3.1 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) per person. This places them 131st out of 191 on emissions produced per capita. The top three emitters per capita are Solomon Islands, Qatar, and Kuwait.

What is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Albania?

In 2019, Albania produced 9.01m metric tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. This was a reduction of -4.7% from 2018. 53.6% of these emissions came from CO2, 31.6% came from CH4, and 12.2% came from N2O.

The sector that produced the most emissions in 2019 was the energy industry. Energy produced 4.18m of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This amounted to 46.4% of total GHG in Albania. The second and third largest emitting sectors were agriculture and industrial processes- producing 31.3% and 11.3% of total GHG respectively.


The industry that produced the most energy related emissions was the transportation sector, emitting 2.26m tonnes of greenhouse gas. The second and third largest emitting sectors were manufacturing/construction and building – producing 898k and 528k tonnes of GHG each.

Land Use Change and Forestry

Land use change and forestry (LUCF), such as deforestation and conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural or urban areas, can have a significant impact on carbon emissions.

  • Trees and other vegetation absorb and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis, and when they are cut down or burned, that stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
  • Deforestation and other forms of land use change can also reduce the ability of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon in the future. Additionally, the conversion of land for agriculture or urban development can lead to the release of carbon stored in the soil.
  • On the other hand, sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and afforestation, can help to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it in trees and other vegetation.

In the case of Albania, their LUCF had a positive impact on their emissions, reducing their footprint by 238k tonnes.

After accounting for land use change and forestry, the total amount of greenhouse emissions in Albania in 2019 was 8.77m metric tonnes.

Is there a correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth?

In 2019, gross domestic product (GDP) in Albania grew by 1.6% from the previous year. Measured in US dollars, the economy went from $15.2bn to $15.4bn. In the same period carbon emissions decreased by -4.8%. Over a ten year period from 2009 to 2019, GDP grew by 27.9%, while emissions have increased by 16.6%.

To put this into context, the compound annual growth rate of GDP in Albania over the previous ten years was 2.5% and the CAGR for greenhouse gas emissions was 1.5%.

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